Vitamins soluble in water : B- complex and Vitamin C. in this article we know about Vitamins soluble in water : B- complex and Vitamin C. As we know vitamins are organic compounds which cannot be produced by the body and must be supplied in a small amount in diet to perform a specific biological function for the normal health growth and maintenance of body.
Table of Contents
Vitamins soluble in water
Vitamins soluble in water are two types Vitamin B complex and Vitamin C. Some people asked questions “which vitamin is soluble in water” easily give the answer Vitamin B complex and Vitamin C are water soluble vitamin.
Water soluble vitamins dissolve in water are not stored by the body they are eliminated in urine. we require a continuous daily supply in our diet. vitamin water soluble includes Vitamin B complex and Vitamin C.
Vitamin B complex and Vitamin C are water soluble vitamin that are not stored in the body and not be consume in over quantity. Vitamins can be easily destroyed or washed out during food storage in preparation.
B complex vitamin is found in variety of food cereal grains meat poultry eggs fish milk legumes and vegetables and Vitamin C are found in citrus fruits ,peppers, strawberries and broccoli a good source of vitamin C. using Mega dose of multivitamins for supplementary food should be avoided.
What is vitamins
Vitamins are organic compounds which cannot be produced by the body and must be supplied in a small quantity in our diet to perform a specific biological functions for normal health growth and maintenance of body.
these are essential to us for proper functioning of different organs they are chemically different from main nutrients, fats, carbohydrate and protein. the absence of deficiency of Vitamin is caused specific disease, multiple deficiency caused by lack of more than one type of vitamins are more common in human beings, this condition of Vitamin deficiency is known as avitaminosis.
The actual formula of vitamins are very complicated for the sake of simplicity these are the generated by the alphabets A B C D E and K and their subgroups like B1,B2 etc.
Classification of vitamins are generally classified into two broad type based on their solubility is known as water soluble vitamin and fat soluble vitamin
1) vitamin water soluble :- the vitamins which are soluble in water are called water soluble vitamins for example Vitamin B complex and Vitamin C are vitamins water soluble. The water soluble vitamins are stored in much lesser amount in the cells.
water soluble vitamin must be supplied regularly in our diet because they are really excreted in urine and cannot be restored (except B12) in our body.
2) vitamin fat soluble :- the vitamins which are soluble in fats is called fat soluble vitamins. for example vitamin A ,D,E and K. Liver cells are rich in fat soluble vitamins such as vitamin A and Vitamin D.
this group of hydrophobic, lipid soluble vitamins are not absorb in body unless fat digestion and absorption process normally. their deficiency causes malabsorptive disease. Excess intake of these vitamins main cause hypervitaminosis
Sources of vitamins
Plant can synthesise almost all vitamins whereas only a few vitamins are synthesized in animals. vitamin D may be supplied through food or may be produced in the skin by irradiation of sterols with sunlight mostly ultraviolet light.
human body can synthesise vitamin A from carotene and some members of Vitamin B complex vitamin K are synthesized by microorganisms present in intestinal track. vitamins are widely distributed in nature both in plants and animals.all cells in Body Can store vitamin to some extent.
most of Vitamin have been synthesise and available in commercial. these are generally taken orally.
Vitamin B complex
Vitamin B complex is water soluble vitamin consist of of 11 substances out of this Vitamin B1, B2, B4 and B12 are important. Vitamin B complex help in function of nerves, muscles ,utilisation of oxygen ,helps in Carbohydrate and protein metabolism, keep skin healthy and so many other function.
1)what is the chemical name of Vitamin B1
ans. the chemical name of Vitamin B1 is thiamine.
2) what is the function of Vitamin B1
Ans. it is water soluble vitamin and its function is Vitamin B1 helps in carbohydrate metabolism, it help in functioning of heart, nerves and muscles, its sharpen our appetite and is sometimes referred to as appetite vitamin.
3)which is appetite vitamin
Ans. Vitamin B1 is populary known as appetite vitamin.
4) what is source of Vitamin B1
Ans. source of Vitamin B1 is milk, pulses, wheat bran ,sea food ,yeast, whole grain cereals, green vegetables,soyabean and dairy product except butter.
5) which disease is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B1
Ans. the deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes beri- beri diseases. Their symptoms includes loss of appetite, weakness ,pain in the Limbs, shortness of breath and swollen feet or legs.
1) what is chemical name of vitamin B2
Ans. The chemical name of vitamin B2 is riboflavin it is water soluble vitamin.
2) what is function of Vitamin B2
Ans. The function of Vitamin B2 consists of it helps in oxidation and utilisation of oxygen, it helps in Carbohydrate and protein metabolism ,it is necessary to keep the skin healthy and it helps in the normal functioning of the eyes
3) what is sources of Vitamin B2
Ans. The food sources of Vitamin B2 is consist of meat ,whole grains and pulses, milk ,yeast, liver,peas, green vegetables and richest source of riboflavin is dried yeast and liver.
4) which disease is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B2
Ans. Deficiency of Vitamin B2 causes cracking of skin, lips, corner of the mouth, photophobia (rough eyelids) dark red tongue (glossitis)
1) what is the chemical name of vitamin B4
Ans. The chemical name of vitamin B4 is Niacin. it is water soluble vitamins belong to the B complex group
2) what is the function of vitamin B4
Ans. The function of Vitamin B4 helps in needed for the metabolism of Carbohydrates fats and proteins, it keeps the skin healthy ,it gives sound mental health and it has most important positive contribution to good nutrition
3) what is the source of vitamin B4
Ans. The source of vitamin B4 is milk, fish, legumes, potatoes, green leafy vegetables meat ,eggs and chicken and whole grain.
4) which disease is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B4
Ans. The deficiency of Vitamin B4 causes disease name is pellagra. Their symptoms includes mental confusion ,diarrhoea, loss of appetite, pain in abdomen, inflamed mucous membrane and scaly skin sore specially in the sun exposure area of skin
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1) what is chemical name of vitamin B6
Ans. The chemical name of vitamin B6 is pyridoxine. it is water soluble vitamin in fact it is mixture of three substances pyridoxine, pyridoxal and pyridoxamine
2) what is function of Vitamin B6
Ans. Vitamin B6 benefits the central nervous system. it is involved in producing the neurotransmitter serotonin and norepinephrine and in forming myelin. it quite significant in Carbohydrate and fats metabolism and creation of red blood cells.
3) what is source of vitamin B6
Ans. Source of vitamin B6 is cereals, grams, molasses, yeast,meat, fish, egg yolk, rice bran
4) which disease is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B6
Ans. The deficiency of Vitamin B6 causes severe dermatitis, convulsions and anaemia
The chemical name of vitamin B12 is cyanocobalamin and it is also a water soluble vitamin and their function is it is essential for metabolism of nervous tissues and it is necessary for formation of healthy blood and proper growth of body and it is essential for preventing the disease called Pernicious anaemia and source of vitamin B12 is liver, cheese ,milk, eggs, kidney, fish and meat and the deficiency of vitamin B12 causes Pernicious anaemia and inflammation of tongue and mouth
The chemical name of vitamin C is ascorbic acid of all vitamin it is the most highly soluble in water. Function of Vitamin C is it is necessary for keeping teeth gums and joint healthy, it plays an important role in normal metabolism of the amino acid, it helps in healing of cuts and wounds and it gives resistant to our body against disease and infection and act as antioxidant in our blood streams which prevent from damaging of cells.
Vitamin C fruits
Sources of Vitamin C is from Vitamin C fruits. Vitamin C fruits are citrus fruits, Amla, tomatoes, mangoes, Orange ,pineapple, cabbage, Apple, lemon lime ,green chillies ,guava ,broccoli peppers, strawberries,kiwis are good source of vitamin C and Amla is good source of vitamin C.
Vitamin C deficiency
And Vitamin C deficiency causes Scurvy disease. And symptoms may not occurs for few month after a person dietary intake of Vitamin C drops too low. bleeding gums, weakness, fatigue and red rahes over skin are Scurvy symptoms. people may experience pain in the muscles, fever ,loss of appetite bruising, coiled hair, failure to thrive, irritation, muscles weakness, swollen gums or weight loss.